Sleep apnea is a disorder that occurs when one’s sleep is interrupted during sleep. The disorder ranges from mild to severe. There are two types of sleep apnea. They include:
Obstructive sleep apnea
Breathing is repeatedly interrupted briefly during sleep. The breathing pause is usually for ten seconds. It occurs when the muscles of the throat are unable to maintain an open airway despite the efforts to breathe.
Central sleep apnea
In this category, breathing while sleeping is not well controlled by the brain. Here, the airway is not blocked. The respiratory control center of the brain is unstable. It is associated with the function of the Central Nervous System.
How to control sleep apnea
There are various treatment methods for this disorder. Some are conservative, while others are mechanical treatments.
Conservative treatment includes;
For mild obstructive apnea, all you might need is conservative therapy.
Although it is difficult for persons with obstructive apnea to lose weight due to increased metabolism ceased by the disorder, even a small weight loss can reduce the number of apneic attacks in a person
Consider vitamins and supplements
Many people turn to modafinil otc as one of the more effective solutions to relieve fatigue. Such drugs can help you stay awake and focused. Also, for better sleep, research melatonin sleep aid supplements as an option.
Adopting a good sleeping position
Some people only suffer an apneic event while they sleep on their backs. Sleeping on a side position would help reduce the events. Things such as a wedge pillow can help to attain the best sleeping position.
Use of nasal sprays for persons with sinus
Breathing strips or nasal sprays can improve airflow and reduce snoring. The sprays improve nighttime breathing.
For obstructive apnea disorder, mechanical therapy is required.
Positive Airway Pressure Therapy
It is most preferred as an initial treatment. During this therapy, a patient wears a mask, and an air blower gently forces air through nose and mouth. The air pressure has to be adjusted to prevent upper tissue from collapsing during sleep. The therapy helps to prevent airway closure, but the episodes return if it is stopped or misused.
In conclusion, sleep apnea is severe and can cause more harm if it goes untreated; people with this condition are at risk of stroke, heart attacks, and high blood pressure. The disorder is also responsible for job impairment and accidents at place of work, road accidents and poor academic achievement in young children and adolescents.